1:1 a.k.a. PC5300 (667 MHz)
3:5 a.k.a. PC8888 (1,111 MHz)
Just for reference, as they relate to DDR2 memory:
Code: Select all
The highest divider is 1:2 aka PC10600 (1,333 MHz) and it just wasn't stable with my hardware @ 333 MHz.
All other BIOS settings were held constant:
FSB = 333.34 MHz and multiplier = 9.0 which gives an overall core rate of 3.0 GHz.
DRAM voltage was 2.25V and timings were 5-5-5-15-4-30-10-10-10-11.
You can think of memory bandwidth as the diameter (size) of your memory's pipe. Quite often, the pipe's diameter isn't the bottle neck for a modern Intel-based system; it is usually much larger than the information flow to/from the processor. Think of it this way, if you can only flush your toilet twice per minute, it doesn't matter if the drain pipe connecting your home to the sewer is 3 inches around, or 8 inches around, or 18 inches around: the rate limiting step in removing water from your home is the toilet flushing/recycling and the pull of gravity, not the size of your drain line. The same is true for memory bandwidth.
After seeing the data I generated on a quad core @ 3.0 GHz, I concluded that this toilet analogy is pretty true: the higher memory bandwidth gave more or less no appreciable difference for real world applications. Shocked? I was.
Further, I should point out that in order for my system to run stable in PC8888 mode @ a FSB of 333, I had to boost my NB vcore two notches and raise my ICH to the max (both of which the BIOS colored red meaning "high risk.") The increased voltage means more heat production, and greater power consumption -- not worth it for small gains realized in my opinion. Anyway, the test details and results are below if you want to read on.
Relevant test hardware:
Motherboard: Asus P5B-Deluxe (BIOS 1215)
CPU: Intel C2Q - Q6600 (B3 revision)
Memory: Ballistix DDR2-1066 (PC2-8500)
"Real-World" Application Based Tests
I chose the following apps: lameenc, x264, winrar, and the trial version of Photohop CS3. I ran these tests on a freshly installed Windows XP Pro SP2 machine.
Lame version 3.97 – Encoded the same test file (about 60 MB wav) with these commandline options:
Code: Select all
lame -V 2 --vbr-new test.wav
x264 version 0.55.663 – Ran a 2-pass encode on the same MPEG-2 (720x480 DVD source) file 5 times totally and averaged the results. Without getting into too much detail, the benchmark is 1,749 frames @ 23 fps. Based on these numbers, I reported the time it would take to encode 215,784 frames (which is your average 2.5 h of video @ 23 fps). Why did I do this? The differences of just 1,749 frames were too insignificant.
Shameless promotion --> you can read more about the x264 Benchmark at this URL which contains results for hundreds of systems. You can also download the benchmark and test your own machine.
RAR version 3.62 – rar.exe ran my standard backup batch file which generated about 1.09 G of rars (1,654 files totally). Here is the commandline used:
Code: Select all
rar a -u -m0 -md2048 -v51200 -rv5 -msjpg;mp3;tif;avi;zip;rar;gpg;jpg "E:\Backups\Backup.rar" @list.txt
Trial of Photoshop CS3 – The batch function in PSCS3 was used to do three things to a total of twenty-nine, 10.1 MP jpeg files:
1) bicubic resize 10.1 MP to 2.2 MP (3872x2592 --> 1800x1200) which is the perfect size for a 4x6 print @ 300 dpi.
2) unsharpen mask filter (60 %, 0.8 px radius, threshold 12)
3) saved the resulting files as a quality 8 jpg.
Benchmark results are an average of two runs timed with a stopwatch.
"Synthetic" Application Based Tests
Just two of these were chosen to illustrate a point about theoretical gains vs. real world gains. Actually, I did SuperPI for the hell of it. WinRAR served to illustrate that point.
SuperPI / mod1.5 XS – The 16M test was run twice, and the average of the two are the benchmark.
WinRAR version 3.62 – If you hit alt-B in WinRAR, it'll run a synthetic benchmark. This was run twice (stopped after 100 MB) and is the average of two runs.
Raw Data - "Real-World" Apps
Lameenc play/cpu (average 8 runs) @ PC5300: 30.7935
Lameenc play/cpu (average 8 runs) @ PC8888: 30.8045
Result: PC8888 is 0.5 % faster
x264 time to encode 2.5 h DVD @ PC5300: 01:48:54
x264 time to encode 2.5 h DVD @ PC8888: 01:46:14
Result: PC8888 is 2.5 % faster
rar.exe back-up (average 2 runs) @ PC5300: 45 sec
rar.exe back-up (average 2 runs) @ PC8888: 44 sec
Result: PC8888 is 2.2 % faster
Photoshop CS3 Trial batch (average 2 runs) @ PC5300: 33 sec
Photoshop CS3 Trial batch (average 2 runs) @ PC8888: 33 sec
Result: PC8888 is 0.0 % faster
So stop right here and ask yourself if a 2-3 % gain is worth the higher voltage and heat.
Raw Data - "Synthetic" Apps
SuperPI/16M test (average 2 runs) @ PC5300: 8 m 8.546 s
SuperPI/16M test (average 2 runs) @ PC8888: 7 m 33.328 s
Result: PC8888 is 7.8 % faster
Winrar internal benchmark (average 2 runs) @ PC5300: 1,515 KB/s
Winrar internal benchmark (average 2 runs) @ PC8888: 2,079 KB/s
Result: PC8888 is 37.2 % faster
...but who uses their system exclusively running internal and synthetic benchmarks? Recall that for my 1.09 gig back up, I only gained about 2 % doing "real work" by using the higher divider. Hardrives are notorious bottle-necks in systems that serve to nullify any memory bandwidth increases. In this case the 37 % theoretical increase was translated into only a 2 % "real world" increase likely due to the hardrive/rar's ability to read/write the data. Again, this seems kinda wasteful to me.
I will admit that there might be special cases where running at high memory dividers may produce more substantial gains: apps such as folding@home or seti@home, etc. may benefit from the higher memory bandwidth since they tend to make exclusive use of the system memory bandwidth and rely much less on the hardrive. I have no data to back-up this though. Also lacking in my experiments are any game data. I'd be interested in knowing if the higher bandwidth can be leveraged by game engines such as UT3, Crysis, etc. but I also didn't look at these here.
Finally, since I held everything else constant, I didn't look at the tighter timings in 1:1 mode that people can often use which may give additional gains. For example, I can get away with 3-3-3-9 @ 1:1 vs. the slower 5-5-5-15 @ 3:5 with this memory.
Anyway, I hope you found this useful and maybe this will inspire someone else to look at the gaps pointed out above (and the gaps I haven't thought of too!)